If you have kidney disease, whether early or advanced stage, you have to be careful what you eat. One of the main functions of your kidneys is to filter out waste and extra material such as salt and phosphorus. If your kidneys do not function properly, you will need to limit foods that are high in sodium and phosphorus.
Eating Out for Renal Patients
While you face plenty of dietary challenges, eating out for renal patients doesn’t have to be one of those challenges. With a little advanced planning and careful attention to detail you can enjoy a great meal even if you’re out on the town. Eating out for renal patients doesn’t have to be a huge challenge if you follow this excellent advice.
Select Your Restaurant Wisely
It’s important to choose restaurants that offer food that’s made to order. These are the facilities most accustomed to special requests and most likely to accommodate your requests to make eating out for renal patients much easier. If you have advanced notice, you can even call ahead of time to discuss menu options with the manager and explain your situation. For people who are sensitive about discussing medical conditions among family and friends this is an excellent option to consider.
Special requests you may consider include asking for salad dressing and/or gravy and sauce on the side or asking for no salt or butter on grilled, baked, or broiled dishes. Getting burgers without cheese and avoiding MSG in Asian dishes. These are crucial when eating out for renal patients as they may not only put you over the limit for phosphorous, sodium, or potassium for the day, but are sure to make you thirsty.
Ask Questions before Ordering
Your server should be able to answer any menu questions you have. At the very least, your server should be able to find out the information for you. Your server’s job, after all, is to make eating out for renal patients, or anyone else, as simple and enjoyable as possible.
Order Drinks in Kid’s Cups
These cups are small and won’t leave you tempted to drink too much during your lunch. Also, knowing that you have such a limited amount will help you ration your drink throughout the meal. The last thing you want is to be so careful when ordering your food is to be undone by drinking too much when eating out. For renal patients it’s really hard to leave liquid in a glass so don’t give yourself the temptation.
Practice Proper Portion Control
Most restaurants are not accustomed to cooking for people in renal failure. While this can be a challenge when it comes to eating out for renal patients, if you pay attention to portions and bring home what’s left for a future meal you shouldn’t have too much trouble staying on track even with super-sized portions. If taking it home is a problem, consider sharing a plate with someone else at the table or asking your server to remove what you will not be eating immediately so that you’re not tempted to overindulge when eating out for renal patients. Check out this portion control tool!
Eat Dessert First
You’re faced with so many restrictions while eating out for renal patients. Don’t wait to the end of the meal and hope you have room. Take the bull by the horns and eat dessert first. It’s not something you want to do at every meal, but eating out is generally a special occasion. Make the most of it and celebrate. It’s a great way to feel exciting about your eating out without being weighted down with fears or concerns over restrictions.
Little things like this make eating out for renal patients a pleasure rather than a pain. This will add years to the life you have remaining as well as the life you have remaining in those years.
Renal diet restrictions predialysis- What it is all about?
Progression of the renal disease is tough to understand because it doesn’t hurt – that means you do not have pain once the kidneys are broken. But the damage is done every day when you have issues like diabetes or high blood pressure and you do not get them in check. There are many renal diet restrictions predialysis that must be followed by people suffering with chronic kidney disease. Here are some of them:
Everyone with renal disease should follow renal diet restrictions predialysis and limit their sodium intake to 2,000 mg per day. It will likely be a difficult number to achieve, and you will need to make much more meals at home to get it done.
Sodium is common and it’s not just the sodium that you add to your meals. Sodium found in numerous products, especially in processed foods. It is advisable to eliminate all the additional salt from your diet plan to reduce blood pressure as well as save the renal system. Read the labels on all salt based items to find out how much you can healthily afford to have.
For a person following renal diet restrictions predialysis, it is important to limit the amount of potassium he eats. In the initial stages of the disease, your renal system may have no problem in handling the amount of potassium that you throw at them. But as you advance within kidney disease, it is necessary to reduce the amount of potassium you consume.
Potassium is a nutrient that controls muscle and nerve function. One most important muscle — the heart – beats at a constant speed because of potassium. Apart from that, potassium is needed to preserve the fluid and electrolyte balance in the body.
For the potassium to perform these functions effectively, blood potassium levels must be kept at between 3.5 and 5.5 mEq/l. The kidneys help keep blood potassium at these levels. Potassium levels which are too high or too low can be dangerous. Your physician will do a blood assessment and tell you if you should reduce the amount of blood potassium in your diet. It’s mostly people with chronic kidney disease who need to check on their potassium.
Kidneys help manage the level of phosphorus in our body. If there is a problem in the renal system, eventually you will likely have elevated phosphorus (hyperphosphatemia). In turn increased phosphorus levels decrease the level of calcium in the blood, which causes bone disease.
Often 800-1000 milligrams (mg) phosphorus per day is the limit for somebody following renal diet restrictions predialysis. You should discuss with your physician what amount of phosphorus to have, and then try to reduce the phosphorous intake by lowering the high phosphorus meals that you eat.
Reduce your consumption of protein
Right now you may be like most people who fill half of their plate with chicken, meat or fish. This is too much of protein for an average person, and if you have a kidney disease, it is really an excessive amount. 2-3 ounces of meat are enough for a person to fulfill his/her daily protein requirements. It is enough for an individual to maintain their health.
For example, if you were to have 60 grams of protein for the day, you could eat it as 10 gm for breakfast, 25 gm for lunch and 25 gm for supper. That would be about 1 egg at breakfast and 3 ounces of meat at each of the other meals. It does not sound like much, but you have plenty of other items on your plate.
Following renal diet restrictions for predialysis takes a little work, and I have tried to make it as easy as possible. The goal of this diet is to lower the protein and sodium that you eat to allow your kidneys to continue to do their job in your body.
Do you know what to eat when potassium levels are high? Most people adjusting to low potassium diets have a hard time understanding which foods are good for them to eat when their potassium levels start to rise. Many foods that are generally good for the average person suddenly have sinister repercussions. If you’re one of the many facing renal failure and turning to a low potassium lifestyle as a result, this should answer some of your questions about what to eat when potassium levels are high.
Surprising Foods that are High in Potassium
From the start, it’s important to identify the foods you shouldn’t eat if lower potassium is your nutrition goal. Many foods that have been good for you most of your life, are suddenly not so wise to eat. Instead of figuring out what to eat when potassium levels are high from the beginning, it’s a good idea to figure out why your potassium levels are high in the first place.
Certain fruits and vegetables, for instance, are suddenly off the menu when you begin following a low potassium diet. The following fruits, and their juices, are very high in potassium:
- · Bananas
- · Melons
- · Prunes
- · Papayas
- · Mangos
- · Nectarines
- · Oranges
- · Pears
- · Avocados
- · Dates
- · Figs
There are other fruits that are high in potassium. These are a few of the primary culprits however and a good to avoid.
There are plenty of vegetables on the list as well. While leafy greens are almost always good dietary choices, this isn’t the case when you’re avoiding potassium. This includes kale, turnips, spinach, mustard greens, and chard. Additionally, beans are a big no-no meaning you shouldn’t eat black beans, kidney beans, lima beans, or any other beans. Pumpkins, tomatoes (including juices, sauces, etc.), and squash are on the chopping block too as they contain more potassium than is safe for you to consume.
Here’s What to Eat When Potassium Levels are High
These are a few of the foods that fit under the category of “what to eat when potassium levels are high.” They’re good choices because of their low levels of potassium and you can have them on the menu far more often than alternatives.
Apples, cranberries, grapes, blueberries, pineapple, strawberries, raspberries, and more are great fruits to have handy when your sweet tooth attacks as they are lower in potassium than other fruit options.
Great vegetables that make the great for what to eat when potassium levels are high include peppers, radish, lettuce, cucumbers, corn, cabbage, green beans, and celery.
Aside from fruits and vegetables there are other foods choices to consider when exploring what to eat when potassium levels are high. They include bread, nondairy creamers, rice, and pasta.
In addition to asking what to eat when potassium levels are high, you should also find out how to avoid getting your potassium levels so high in the first place. Common sense things like eating foods that are low in potassium and avoiding those that are high in potassium isn’t always enough. You should also practice moderation when eating any foods and go for variety when exploring your menu options.
Healthy Kidney Diet
When you have chronic kidney disease or CKD, your health care provider and nutritionist will give you advice on how to plan for a healthy kidney diet. Oftentimes your doctor will only give you information about the foods that you should avoid, and very little information is given about the foods that you should eat. This gives you the impression that everything is restricted in a healthy kidney diet.
However, there are certain foods that are essential components of a healthy kidney diet. That is because they contain antioxidants and nutrients that are good for your kidneys. They also give the kidneys less workload because they are low in minerals like sodium, potassium, phosphorus, and magnesium. Here are some foods that you should include in a healthy kidney diet:
Red bell peppers
A half cup serving of red bell peppers only contain1 mg of sodium, 10 mg of phosphorus, and 88 mg of potassium, making it ideal for a healthy kidney diet. Aside from that, they are excellent sources of vitamins A, C, B6, folic acid, and even fiber. You can eat red bell peppers in several ways. One is through eating them raw with a dip as a snack. You may also use them as sandwich toppings and include them in salads and kabobs.
Olive oil is very low in potassium and sodium content. Although it contains fat, these fats are deemed to be “good” fats because they contain anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Moreover, it does not only help complete a healthy kidney diet, but it also lowers the risk of cancer and heart disease. They can be used as a healthy kidney diet substitute for cooking oil, and can also be used for salads and dips.
Some of the berries that are good for a healthy kidney diet include strawberries, blueberries, cranberries, and raspberries. Cranberries provide protection to the urinary bladder, while blueberries are high in antioxidant and vitamin content. Raspberries are excellent sources manganese, fiber, folate, and vitamin C, while strawberries provide heart and cancer protection. You can eat these fruits raw, or include them in salads and desserts in your healthy kidney diet.
Cauliflower is high in vitamin C and is also a great source of fiber. It also contains indoles, thyocyanates, and glucosinolates, which are compounds that help the liver neutralize toxic substances, hence being good components of a healthy kidney diet. A half serving of boiled cauliflower only contains 9 mg of sodium and 88 mg of potassium. You can add spices to it, such as curry powder, pepper, and turmeric, plus you can also mash it as a replacement for mashed potato.
Cabbage is full of phytochemicals that break up free radicals that can damage the body. It can also prevent cancer and foster cardiovascular health. In addition, cabbages are high in vitamins, C, K, B6, and folic acid, but they are low in sodium, potassium, and phosphorus. You can include cabbage in your healthy kidney diet in the form of coleslaw or as a side dish with cream cheese and caraway seeds.
These are only some of the foods that you can include in your healthy kidney diet. Remember that the key to your healthy kidney diet is moderation.
On many renal diets, you may start to think there’s nothing to eat! All the old foods you used to eat are gone from your diet – although they may still be in your cabinets and the rest of your family is still eating them. Food is connected to many social events that it can be difficult to want to stay on your diet.
However, feeling worse the next day after cheating on your renal diet is enough of a reminder to get back on track and begin looking at what is so good about your renal diet.
Protein For a Renal Diet!- Protein for a renal diet can be important
The answer is the protein! You don’t have to give up the traditional sources of protein on a renal diet. You may have to eat less of them but they usually aren’t off your diet completely.
For example, chicken, turkey, pork and beef are allowed on a renal diet. You can cook these meats in a number of ways. Here are some examples:
• Grilled chicken breast with rosemary
• Savory chicken legs (cooked in ground savory)
• Fried chicken thighs
• Barbecued turkey wings
• Braised turkey legs in apricot sauce
• Roasted turkey breast and vegetable-rice stir-fry
• Pork chop with applesauce
• Filet mignon
• Tasty beef ribs
• Prime rib with horseradish
• Grilled beefsteak to share with your dog
• Top sirloin steak with onions
All these are enough to give your taste buds a big hug! But have you ever considered some of the other types of animal proteins that you could be eating? Just because you’re on a renal diet doesn’t mean you will be eating tasteless food for the rest of your life!
Protein Sources You Could Fall in Love With
What if you could discover new tastes and keep your taste buds overjoyed? Would it affect the rest of your life?
There are four new protein sources to consider:
1. Cornish hens. These are a more delicate flavor than chicken and you never have to worry about the meat ending up tough. A Cornish hen may be better for those on a renal diet – the bird isn’t as large as a chicken so the small amount of protein you are eating daily doesn’t leave too many leftovers if you are living alone.
2. Lamb. Ground lamb is tastier than ground beef in meatloaf or in burgers. Like with other healthy burgers, add some shredded carrots, onions, garlic, and even a bit of spinach. Even three or four mint leaves will really perk up the recipe and your appetite.
3. Ground buffalo (bison). With this one, you can rest assured that the meat hasn’t been modified in any way. You’ll get ground buffalo pretty close to the same ground buffalo that the pilgrims ate. All red meats are generally a good source of iron, and it may be one of the nutrients you have been quite low in recently.
4. Heritage turkeys. These birds don’t even look like our modern-day style turkeys. The turkeys are the original ones the pilgrims ate when they came to America. Full of omega 3 fats, heritage turkeys don’t even dry out after cooking and last in the refrigerator longer, too. These are the turkeys that the finest restaurants use because the birds rank highest in taste tests by top chefs worldwide.
Remember that on a renal diet, it’s not a good idea to include canned meats. This includes chili. Have you ever noticed the nutrient composition on the label for a can of chili? Most brands have less than 12 grams protein in it, which may be a perfect amount for someone on a renal diet.
One ounce of protein is equal to 7 grams protein. However, the tomato sauce in the chili is too high in sodium and potassium, which may be enough to put you over the top on a renal diet.